Backed by Government Initiative

(Landlords )Minimum energy efficiency standards (MEES)

    Energy Performance Certificates and Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards

    Over 3.2 million privately leased sector residences in England and Wales have an EPC rating of D or lower.

    PRS properties are among the least energy efficient in the domestic housing stock, spending over £6 billion in energy bills in 2018 and emitting approximately 11 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2) per year in GHG emissions.


    The regulations went into effect on April 1, 2018, for new lets and renewals of tenancies and on April 1, 2020, for all existing tenants.

    A landlord or agency may no longer rent out a residential property with an EPC rating of F or G unless they have a formal exemption.

    This comprises properties rented under an assured, regulated, or domestic agricultural tenancy. In practice, this translates to:

    • If you already rent out a property with an EPC rating of F or G, you must immediately raise the rating to E or register an exemption.
    • If you intend to let a currently vacant home with an EPC rating of F or G, you must raise the rating to E or register an exemption before beginning a new tenancy.

    The MEES for rented homes will be raised to D by 2025 and C by 2030. The government is consulting on bringing these dates forward, so landlords should plan and examine how they might satisfy a higher level than the existing minimal norm.

    Minimum energy efficiency standards (MEES)

    From April 2018, all privately rented properties must obtain an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) with a minimum energy performance rating of ‘E’. Landlords can only enter new tenancies once the property is rated E or higher unless an exemption applies. The breach will result in a civil penalty of up to £5000.

    Given that privately leased dwellings are often older and more difficult to make energy efficient—half a million homes in the UK fail to satisfy these standards—this is likely to offer substantial issues.

    Because 10% of privately rented residences fail to fulfil these standards, landlords may be in for a headache and a large bill.

    Since April 2016, private residential landlords have been unable to refuse a tenant’s request for energy efficiency improvements if the property is graded F or G (though they may still be required to pay for it). ECO Funding may be available to assist with this, depending on a survey and the condition of the current property.

    This is part of the UK government’s ECO4 scheme and commitment to reaching its Net Zero targets. Improving the energy efficiency of homes across the country will reduce energy consumption.

    The Energy Company Obligation (ECO3) scheme requires the main energy suppliers to enhance household energy performance. Fuel-poor tenants with a low income and are vulnerable can benefit from the scheme’s insulation and heating measures.

    Planning for the future

    As of April 1, 2020, all residential premises with existing tenancies must have an EPC rating of at least an ‘E’ or have a valid exemption. Non-domestic properties must meet the MEES by April 2023. These deadlines will approach as swiftly as the 2018 deadline; thus, when performing work on properties, the property’s energy performance should be kept in mind at all times.

    Furthermore, the government has already stated that they intend to further elevate the requirements, raising the bands to Band D by 2025 and Band C by 2030.

    Need Some Help.

    A member of our team will be happy to help. We will discuss your options and help you apply for ECO 4 Funding.


    What are the Minimum Energy Efficiency Standards (MEES)?

    MEES are regulations designed to improve the energy efficiency of properties, particularly in the UK. They set a minimum standard for energy performance, making it illegal to rent out or sell properties that do not meet these standards.

    Who is affected by MEES?

    MEES impacts landlords, property owners, and those looking to buy or rent residential or commercial properties. Compliance is essential for both residential and non-residential buildings.

    What is the purpose of MEES?

    The primary goal of MEES is to reduce carbon emissions by improving the energy efficiency of buildings. It aims to create more environmentally friendly and cost-effective properties.

    How are MEES enforced?

    MEES are enforced through various mechanisms, including penalties for non-compliance, which can include fines. Compliance is typically checked during property transactions or rental agreements.